Dandruff isn't the most comfortable beauty subject to discuss, but we got to talk about it. No one likes it, and frankly, it is very annoying, especially if you love dark-colored clothes, if you know what we mean. It is one of those ailments which leaves shreds of evidence everywhere! A variety of reasons can cause it: genetics, imbalances in the scalp, sensitivities, and allergies. Whatever might be the trigger, dandruff can certainly be treated with the help of hair care products that are spiked with anti-fungal, anti-microbial, and scalp clarifying ingredients.
Thick, lush, and long mane is directly related to having a healthy scalp. It is very important to maintain scalp health to have healthy hair. We often ignore scalp health and end up with dandruff, hair fall, hair thinning, etc. In this blog, we will discuss everything you need to know about dandruff and science-backed ingredients that help get rid of dandruff, along with home remedies for dandruff.
Dandruff And Its Causes
The human scalp possesses ample sebaceous glands and high follicle density. The pH level of the scalp is 5.5, and the presence of sebaceous glands in combination with the dark, warm environment of the scalp makes it more susceptible to fungal infections such as seborrheic dermatitis dandruff, and other scalp related problems.
Having an itchy and flaky scalp is a common symptom of dandruff. A buildup of dead skin cells on the scalp causes dust-like flakes to form. The skin cell renewal happens in 2-3 weeks, owing to which the old skin cells shed and are replaced by new skin cells. However, there is an increased production of new skin cells in some cases. In such a scenario, the buildup of the dead skin cells coagulates to form dandruff. Some of the common dandruff causes include:
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- Contact dermatitis
- Poor Diet
- Dry Skin Conditions
- Poor Scalp Hygiene
Types Of Dandruff
Before trying to treat dandruff, you should understand its type; besides if you determine the dandruff cause, you can treat it more effectively. We’ve listed the different types of dandruff, for you to determine, what are the different causes of dandruff.
1. Dry Skin Dandruff
It is usually common among people with dry scalp and occurs mostly during winter. Even a hot water bath can also be a primary reason for dandruff as it can make your scalp dry and flaky.
2. Fungal Dandruff
Malassezia is a fungus that grows on the scalp naturally. However, it thrives and grows on an oily scalp. It usually appears in clumps and it can be a rigorous task to get rid of it. Using a dedicated anti-dandruff shampoo can be of great help, if you want to fight fungal dandruff.
3. Oil-Related Dandruff
Secretion of excess sebum by the scalp, dirt and product buildup can lead to oil-related dandruff.
4. Disease-Related Dandruff
This type of dandruff is related to dry skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema. This dry skin condition leads to an itchy and flaky scalp.
Now that you know what different types of dandruff are, you can begin to treat it.
How To Prevent And Treat Hair Loss Due To Dandruff?
Hair loss due to dandruff can be prevented by eliminating the itchiness of the scalp and reducing your urge to scratch it. This prevents further damage to the hair follicles. It is imperative to identify the exact cause of hair dandruff and treat it accordingly.
1. Use An Anti-Dandruff Shampoo
Switch to medicated shampoo which is specifically formulated for treating hair dandruff. Look for ingredients such as Salicylic Acid, Pyrithione Zinc, Ketoconazole, Selenium Sulfide in your shampoo.
It is important to read all instructions on the label carefully as some medicated shampoos need to be left on your scalp for a few minutes.
2. Anti-Dandruff Treatment Solution
A conventional anti-dandruff formulation in hair care products has its limitations and disadvantages. Novel formulations with active ingredients such as Octopirox, Pentavitin, and Arginine are developed to overcome the limitation of the actives in conventional anti-dandruff shampoos. These are the world’s top-notch ingredients with a promising delivery system in effectively treating dandruff.
Octopirox: A novel anti-dandruff active for effectively treating scalp conditions. It reduces the itchiness of the scalp, which is the primary reason for dandruff. Octopirox is known to regulate the growth of micro-organisms on the scalp, thus maintaining a healthy scalp.
Pentavitin: The imbalance in the functioning of the scalp barrier is the primary reason for dandruff. This active ingredient keeps your scalp hydrated and soothes itchy scalp. Pentavitin effectively repairs the scalp barrier, which is known to protect your scalp from environmental aggressors.
Arginine: A nitrogen-rich amino acid that helps nourish your scalp. It adds strength to your strands. Arginine boosts blood circulation, provides intense hydration to your strands preventing hair breakage.
Scalp dryness can cause itchiness and dandruff. Your anti-dandruff shampoo, which contains ingredients such as salicylic acid, can make your scalp dry. So it is crucial to keep your scalp well hydrated. Massage your scalp with coconut oil before washing your hair. Coconut oil is beneficial in keeping your scalp well-hydrated and well-nourished. Moreover, it has anti-fungal properties which prevent scalp infection.
As per expert advice, you should avoid using oil on the scalp if you suffer from seborrheic dermatitis, as it can worsen the situation.
4. Steer Clear Of All The Nasties In Your Haircare Product
The preservatives and artificial fragrances present in your hair care product are the major reason for scalp irritation. Formaldehyde, bleaching agent, sulphur, and parabens present in your shampoos, as well as hair dyes, can also be the possible irritants leading to contact dermatitis. So, steer clear of all the nasties present in your hair care products.
5. Tea Tree Oil Treatment
Tea tree oil treatment is known to be the best home remedy for dandruff as it contains anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties, which to a certain extent are known to control various scalp conditions such as dandruff athlete’s foot, and ringworm. Add a few drops of tea tree oil in 2 tablespoons of coconut oil or any other oil of your choice and mix well. Apply it all over your scalp and massage in a gentle circular motion for 2 minutes. Wait for ½ an hour and wash off with a mild shampoo.
You can do this procedure twice a week. Make sure that you always dilute tea tree oil with a carrier oil, as using it alone can cause scalp irritation.
6. Get Some Sun Light
Prolonged exposure to UV rays can harm your skin and hair. But a little bit of sunlight is necessary for treating dandruff because exposure to sunlight leads to the production of Vitamin D3, resulting in the production of healthy natural oils on the scalp, which maintains scalp and hair health.
7. Manage Stress
Stress can weaken your immune system making your scalp more susceptible to the naturally occurring fungus Malassezia. Focusing on controlling your stress level by indulging in stress-relieving activities such as meditation, pilates, yoga, jogging, swimming, cycling, etc., will help combat dandruff. Plus, you can also try breathing exercises to reduce stress.
These simple and easy-to-follow hair care tips can help tackle your worst dandruffy nightmare. Just take care of your hair, be diligent about using the right products and your will certainly notice an improvement.
Also Read :
Disclaimer: All the content on anveya.com/blogs is solely for information. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or a qualified health care provider. The information, suggestion or remedies mentioned on this site are provided without warranty of any kind, whether express or implied.