How to Repair Damaged Hair - 8 Easy Ways

Being left with no other choice but to cut your hair because it has become dull and damaged can be a saddening experience to go through. But that is not the only solution. There are ways that you can try to rejuvenate your hair back to its healthy glory. And like any other problem, the solution begins by addressing the root cause of damaged hair.

What Causes Damaged Hair?

1. Hair Colouring

Hair-Colouring

Almost all popular commercial hair colour brands, no matter how premium or budget-friendly they are, contain a ton of chemicals. These chemicals cause more harm than you can imagine as they make the hair shaft extremely porous. This leads to a point where the cortex of the hair may get exposed. It takes at least 2 months for the damage to be repaired and even then, sometimes, the damage can be permanent.

2. Bleaching Hair

What bleaching your hair does is that it forces the hair cuticles to open up and remove the natural colour pigment from the hair. This makes the cuticle of the hair brittle and weak, eventually leading to breakage and split ends. Because the cuticle no longer is able to act as a protective sheath, the moisture in the hair can no longer be sealed. This leads to the hair becoming dry, lifeless and damaged overall.

3. Hair Spray

Using hairspray on your hair on a regular basis means that you are subjecting your hair to chemical damage. Hairspray can make your hair stiff, damaged and lead to dull and lifeless hair.

4. Over Comb

Over-combing your hair will lead to breakage and split ends as it can cause friction. Also, if you use a brush that is of bad quality, then your hair will get caught in the brush, leading to further damage.

5. Perms

Perms

Perming is the procedure of altering the natural hair structure by either making the hair straight or curly. During this procedure, the hair is reconstructed using strong chemicals. This is known as rebonding which means that the bonds in your hair are reconstructed to form new bonds. This makes the hair porous and weak, damaging it.

6. Over Shampooing

Using shampoo on your hair and scalp helps remove dirt and excess oils. However, if you over shampoo, chances are that you are removing all the natural oils of the scalp, called sebum. Sebum is what is responsible for nourishing and protecting the cuticles. Removal of this sebum leads to hair becoming dry and damaged.

7. Use of Dryers & Irons

Using heat tools such as dryers and irons leads to the opening of the cuticle which leads to the removal of moisture from the hair strands. This leads to the hair becoming dry and damaged. Your hair will thirst for moisture and look lifeless.

8. Using Harsh Product

Any hair product that has compounds such as sulphates, parabens, alcohol and phthalates can damage the hair, making it dry and brittle. Thus, you must avoid harsh products on your hair and stick to more natural ingredient based products.

Signs of Damaged Hair

1. Dry Hair

If your hair is damaged, then the moisture and hydration are sucked out of it. Thus, irrespective of you using conditioners, if your hair still feels dull, dry and lifeless, then it means that your cuticles are damaged and cannot retain moisture.

2. Dulled Shine

Because the cuticle of the hair is damaged, the hair shaft stops shining. This leads to hair appearing dull and lacklustre. Even deep conditioning the hair in such scenarios does not help.

3. Hair Fall

When your hair is damaged, you will also experience hair fall. This is because the roots of the hair become weak as it does not get the nourishment that it needs.

4. Breakage in Hair

When the outer layer of your hair is damaged, the tensile strength of the hair shaft automatically reduces. Thus, when you run your fingers through your hair or comb it using a brush, you will notice that your hair snaps. This is a clear indication of damaged hair.

5. Split Ends

When you take a strand of the hair and twist it, you will observe that some ends of the hair will stick out. This happens when your hair splits into two, due to damage.

6. Lack of Elasticity

The elasticity of hair depends on how healthy it is. Thus, if your hair is damaged, the elasticity automatically reduces. Thus, your hair can snap easily due to lack of elasticity.

How to Repair Damaged Hair?

1. Avoid Uses of Dryer, Iron Or Curler

Avoid Uses of Dryer, Iron or Curler

Using heat tools such as iron, dryers or curlers will further damage the already damaged cuticles. Thus, cut out heat as much as you can and give your hair time to recover. Let your hair dry out naturally rather than using heat to dry it.

2. Avoid Colouring Hair

Since hair colour has many chemical compounds in it, dyeing or bleaching the hair will spread the damage to a point where there is no return from. Thus, avoid all chemical treatments and styling of the hair, at least up until your hair recovers fully.

3. Use Sulphate-Free Shampoos or Conditioner

Shampoos and Conditioners that contain sulphates and sodium lauryl sulphate will further damage your hair. They strip away the moisture from the hair and also lead to chemical buildup on the scalp. Thus, replace your hair products with those that have natural ingredients and nourishing oils. You can even make deep conditioning masks at home rather than going for a spa treatment where chemical compounds will be used on the hair.

4. Take Protein in Diet

Take-Protein-in-Diet

A protein-rich diet includes foods like yoghurt, eggs, and soy. Including protein in your diet will nourish your body and your hair from within. Proteins contain omega3 fatty acids which repairs damaged hair. However, too much protein and lack of hydration to the hair can make the hair brittle. Thus, simultaneous deep conditioning of the hair is also needed.

5. Apply Oils on Hair

Oils not only form a protective layer around the cuticle but also provides the hair shaft with nourishment. Oils such as coconut oil contain a chain of fatty acids which penetrates the hair shaft and nourishes it. Another great oil is castor oil which repairs the damaged keratin spots in the hair. Thus, oil your hair frequently to keep it healthy and nourished. Make sure that you massage the oil into the scalp for maximum benefits.

6. Use Natural Dye

Natural dyes such as henna do not contain chemicals as opposed to commercial hair colours and dyes. Thus, if you need to cover up greys or you want to add colour to your hair, natural dyes are the way to go. Discover more about the amazing benefits of henna.

7. Condition Hair

Conditioning your hair will give it the moisture, hydration and nourishment that it needs. Thus, use DIY conditioning masks for the hair to repair the damage.

DIY Ways to Recover Damaged Hair

Here are a few home remedies to repair damaged hair using all-natural ingredients, from the comfort of your home.

1. Olive Oil

Ingredients

1 cup Olive Oil.

Process

  1. Heat the Olive oil until it becomes lukewarm.
  2. Massage this oil into the scalp and leave it overnight.
  3. Rinse your hair the next day using a mild shampoo.

Benefits

One of the simplest ways to treat damaged hair fast is to use olive oil as it contains nutrients and antioxidants which provides the hair with all the nourishment it needs.

2. Avocado

Avocado

Ingredients

  • The pulp of 1 avocado
  • 3 tsp. honey
  • 2 tsp. Olive Oil
  • Lavender essential oil.

Process

  1. Mix the avocado pulp with the honey and olive oil to form a smooth and consistent paste.
  2. To this paste, add a few drops of Lavender essential oil and whisk the hair mask to a super smooth consistency.
  3. Apply this hair mask onto the hair, massaging it into the scalp and coating the lengths of the hair as well.
  4. Leave this on for 30-40 minutes before you rinse it off using a mild shampoo.

Benefits

Avocado treats damaged hair from the root level, strengthening the roots and nourishing the scalp. Honey is rich in antioxidants and vitamins, which strengthens the hair follicles and make the hair appear lustrous and healthy. Apart from these two ingredients, Olive oil treats a dry and damaged scalp as well.

3. Egg Mask

Ingredients

  • 1 egg
  • 3 tbsp. curd
  • 1 tbsp. lemon juice.

Process

  1. Beat the egg with the curd and lemon juice.
  2. Apply the mask onto the scalp and let it rest for an hour before you rinse it off with shampoo.

Benefits

Eggs and curd strengthen weak hair and prevent hair fall as well. Another benefit of this mask is that it prevents dandruff as well.

4. Coconut Oil

Coconut-Oil

Ingredients

1 cup Coconut Oil.

Process

  1. Heat the oil until it becomes lukewarm.
  2. Massage this oil into the scalp and leave it overnight.
  3. Rinse your hair the next day using a mild shampoo.

Benefits

To repair severely chemically damaged hair at home, repeat this at least once a week. Coconut Oil penetrates the scalp and the hair shaft, strengthening the hair from the roots to the tips while intensely moisturizing it.

5. Aloe Vera

Ingredients

Fresh Aloe Vera gel.

Process

  1. Extract the Aloe Vera gel from the leaf of the Aloe Vera plant.
  2. Apply this gel all over the hair, from the roots to the scalp.
  3. Leave it on for 30 minutes before you rinse it off.

Benefits

Aloe Vera is used for damaged hair treatment as it imbibes moisture and hydration in the hair. Aloe Vera is also a hair growth stimulator and thus prevents hair fall.

6. Banana Mask

Banana-Mask

Ingredients

  • 2 ripe bananas
  • 2 tsp. Olive Oil

Process

  1. Mash the bananas and mix the oil into it to make a smooth and consistent paste.
  2. Apply this as a hair mask, massaging it into the scalp and rinse it off after 25 minutes or so.

Benefits

Banana contains vitamins, potassium and natural oils which soften the hair and increases the elasticity of the hair, preventing breakage and split ends.

7. Apple Cider Vinegar Mask

Ingredients

  • 2 tbsp. apple cider vinegar
  • 2 tbsp. coconut oil
  • 1 tbsp. water.

Process

  1. Mix all the above ingredients.
  2. Apply the mask onto the scalp and let it rest for an hour before you rinse it off with shampoo.

Benefits

Apple Cider Vinegar cleanses the scalp and removes excess oils from the scalp. Coconut oil contains long-chain fatty acids which moisturize dry hair and eliminates frizz.


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 Author Name: Pavithra Dennis

 

 

 

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