Acne is one of the most common skin diseases which is faced by many of us, irrespective of gender and age. Acne is formed when the pores get clogged and due to the bacterial infection on your skin. Though acne may not be a serious or life-threatening issue if left unattended, over the period of time it can become severe and painful. Acne on face can be a major cause of distress and low self-esteem. Hence it is vital to take note of acne from the very beginning before the problem becomes worse. But understanding the cause of acne and treating it effectively is extremely important in treating acne. By following a strict skincare routine you can easily treat acne. In this article, you will get to know all about acne, its types, causes and treatment. So keep reading.
What Is Acne?
There are many tiny holes on your skin surface which get clogged with oil, dirt, dead skin cells and bacteria that leads to the development of pimples or zits on your skin surface. If this condition persists for a longer period of time then this skin condition is known as acne. Acne is usually common among teenagers and occurs in adolescence. But adults can also have acne.
What Are The Types Of Acne
When the pores become plugged with oil/sebum, dirt and dead skin cells, then it gives rise to a skin condition called acne. Acne may be classified into 2 types
When excess oil, dead skin cells and dirt clogs the pores, then they are known as comedones. Blackheads and Whiteheads are known as comedones which are commonly visible on your forehead, chin, nose and cheeks. These are examples of Non-Inflammatory Acne. Blackheads are open comedones and whiteheads are closed comedones.
Inflammatory acne can be painful and it can occur on any part of the body. It can occur on the forehead, chest, neck, back, arms, buttocks. The inflammation is caused because of a response from the immune system of your body, which is initiated when your body perceives a threat. Here, your body perceives the bacteria as a threat. When your pores become inflamed, it leads to redness and swelling of that particular area. Papule which is a closed lesion on the skin is a type of inflammatory acne as it causes redness and swelling in that area. Another type is the pustule, which occurs when the papule ruptures. Nodules and cyst are also examples of inflammatory acne. The inflammatory acne ruptures on the surface of the skin and leaves behind scars, dark spots and blemishes on the skin.
The Severity Of Each Type Of Acne
The mildest form of acne is the formation of blackheads and whiteheads as they are not painful. These can be cleared with topical application of products like skin cleansers with salicylic acid or toners. Retinoids are also considered to be effective in treating acne.
Pustules and papules are considered to be the moderate forms of acne. They may sometimes get cured with OTC medication. If you have moderate acne which is spread out in a larger area, you may be required to consult a dermatologist.
Nodules and cysts are the most severe form of acne which are quite painful. Picking or popping the nodules or the cysts can lead to scars.
It is always advisable to consult a dermatologist to figure which type of acne you have and start the medication depending upon the type and severity of the acne.
What Are The Causes Of Acne?
When the pores of your skin become clogged with sebum, dead skin cells or bacteria then the condition is known as Acne. Each pore of the surface of your skin is an opening which lies embedded on the dermal layer of your skin. The sebaceous gland releases sebum, which paves its way through the hair, to the pore and reaches on the surface on the skin. The sebum helps to keep your skin well moisturized, soft and smooth. When this mechanism of the skin gets disturbed then it gives rise to acne. Below mentioned can be few reasons which can aggravate the occurrence of acne on your skin
- Excess of sebum is produced by the sebaceous glands which get trapped inside the pores.
- Dead skin cells get accumulated in your pores.
- A bacterial build-up in your pores.
The above-mentioned reasons can contribute to the development of pimples on your skin. If anyone of these conditions occur frequently, then it is known as Acne.
Risk Factors Associated With Acne
There are many factors that contribute towards the occurrence of Acne on your skin. Some people believe that eating fast food and junk food can lead to acne, though it is not scientifically proved. However, there are certain factors which are responsible for acne, they are
- Hormonal changes caused during adolescence or pregnancy.
- Use of certain medication such as birth control pills or corticosteroids.
- Excessive usage of refined sugar and carbohydrates in the diet.
- Due to hereditary reasons.
Most of the people develop acne during their adolescent stage when the body undergoes hormonal changes. Hormonal acne which is caused due to puberty generally subsides after one attains adulthood.
The pimples/acne should be treated at the very beginning before it becomes very painful and difficult to get rid of. Conventional acne treatment can dry out your skin and is often associated with skin irritation and rashes. Hence people are turning to home remedies using natural ingredients which can help get rid of pimples. Let us see how pimples and acne can be treated at home using simple and easily available ingredients
1. Tea Tree Oil For Spot Treatment
Tea Tree Oil is derived from Melaleuca alternifolia which is a native of Australia. It is well known for its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. Its anti-bacterial property helps fight bacteria responsible for causing bacteria and its anti-inflammatory property effectively reduces skin inflammation. Moreover, it has a soothing action on the dry and itchy skin. Tea Tree Oil is considered to be the most effective anti-acne treatment. Let’s have a look at how Tea Tree Oil can be used to treat acne at home.
- Tea Tree Oil
- Jojoba Oil
- Add 1 drop of Tea Tree oil to 1 teaspoon of Jojoba Oil.
- Apply this mixture directly on the affected area with a cotton pad.
- Apply a moisturizer if required.
- Repeat this 2-3 times a day or as and when required.
2. Manuka Honey For Acne Treatment
Manuka Honey is rich in Vitamins, minerals, amino acids, sugar (glucose and fructose), hydrogen peroxide and methylglyoxal which make Manuka honey effective in treating acne. It is known for its healing properties because Manuka honey is rich in hydrogen peroxide and methylglyoxal both of which are considered to be effective against bacteria responsible for causing acne. Its anti-inflammatory property helps to calm down the inflamed skin. Manuka Honey is known for its emollient property due to which it helps to keep your skin hydrated and nourished.
- Take a tiny drop of honey in your hand and dilute it with few water drops.
- Massage the honey all over your face gently for a few minutes.
- Wash it off with lukewarm water and pat dry.
- Repeat this process 2-3 times a day.
3. Using Green Tea For Treating Acne
Green tea is well known for its health benefits, but it is equally beneficial for your skin as well. Green tea is rich in flavonoids and tannins, which is effective in fighting bacteria that may cause pimples and it also helps to soothe the inflamed skin. Green tea is known to be high in antioxidants due to which it is effective in fighting inflammation, reducing sebum production and inhibiting the growth of bacteria responsible for causing acne.
- Green Tea
- Add 1 teaspoon of green tea to 1 cup of boiling water.
- Allow it to cool.
- Transfer the contents into a spray bottle and spritz it on the affected area.
- Store it in a refrigerator and apply it 2-3 times a day or use it as and when required.
4. Using Aloe Vera For Treating Acne
Aloe vera is well known for its hydrating, nourishing and healing properties due to which it is effective in treating acne. Aloe vera is rich in salicylic acid, lupeol, cinnamic acid, phenols and sulfur, all of which are considered to be beneficial in treating acne and pimples. Clove oil is rich in eugenol which is considered to be highly effective in treating acne. It fights the bacteria responsible for causing acne and effectively reduces redness and swelling.
- Aloe vera gel
- Clove Oil
- Scoop out the gel from the freshly cut leaves of aloe vera.
- To this add 1-2 drops of Clove oil and mix well.
- Apply this mixture on the affected area. Let it remain for half an hour and wash off using lukewarm water.
- Repeat process 1–2 times per day.
You can use any one of these home remedies for effectively treating acne at home. Other remedies you can try at home are
- Limit your intake of dairy products, refined sugar and carbohydrate.
- Have a balanced diet which is rich in leafy vegetables, fruits etc.
- Drink lots of water as water helps to detoxify your system.
- Try yoga or meditation to reduce stress and anxiety as studies show that stress can increase the severity of acne.
You can try these DIY home remedies which are considered to be effective in treating acne/pimples.
Acne prevention has a significant role to play in reducing acne. This can be done by following a regular skincare regime to get clear, glowing and healthy skin. Let’s see how to take care of your skin to prevent acne
- Use a mild cleanser twice a day to get rid of excess grime, dirt and dead cells.
- Try to avoid oily or greasy cosmetics, sunblocks and concealers etc, go for the matte ones.
- Protect your skin from the harmful rays of the sun.
- Avoid pressure or friction on the acne-prone skin. For example contact with phones, tight collars, helmet etc.
- Avoid touching the acne-prone area as it can lead to infection.
- Avoid squeezing or picking the pimples as it can lead to scarring and skin infection.
- Always remember to remove makeup before sleeping.
- Drink lots of water, at least 8 glass in a day.
- Always keep your skin hydrated as it is helpful in fighting acne.
- Avoid oily food and food which is high in refined sugar and carbohydrates.
- If you have mild acne, you can try over-the-counter acne products which contain benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid or alpha hydroxy acids to get rid of excess oil and promote peeling.
What Are The Skincare Mistakes That Can Worsen The Acne?
- Washing your face frequently can cause skin dryness and your skin starts producing more oil to lubricate the skin, which can worsen the situation.
- Squeezing or popping the acne or pimples can spread the infection which eventually leads to scarring.
- Keep your scalp well-nourished and moisturized as dandruff is also one of the reasons for acne.
When To See A Doctor
If the natural home remedies are not very helpful in clearing your acne, then you need to consult a doctor.
- Your doctor can prescribe stronger medications which can be taken orally or skincare ointment which can be applied topically. If acne persists or is severe, then you may seek the advice of a dermatologist who can provide you with specialized treatment in treating severe acne.
- Acne may persist for several years in women which flares up a week before menstruation. This type of acne does not need any treatment as it subsides automatically in women who use contraceptives.
- In older people, a sudden increase in severe acne might be a signal of underlying health issues which may require medical attention.
Certain non prescribed acne lotions, cleansers and other skin products can cause a serious reaction. This type of reaction is quite rare, but immediately seek medical assistance if you experience any of the following symptoms after using such skincare products.
- Difficulty in breathing
- Swelling of the eyes, face, lips or tongue
- Tightness of the throat
It is always advisable to consult a dermatologist for treating severe acne, as prescribed oral medicines along with topical ointments can effectively reduce acne without causing any severe side effects.
Acne occurs when the tiny holes on your skin surface get clogged with oil, dirt, dead skin cells and bacteria. There are several other factors which contribute to the severity of acne. You need to figure out the exact cause of acne and treat it accordingly so that you can get rid of that pesky and stubborn acne and pimples from your face. You can try out any of the home remedies mentioned above and if the condition persists for a longer time, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist and seek proper treatment for it.
ANVEYA AUSTRALIAN TEA TREE OIL, 100% PURE, 15ML
- Works on ACNE, SCARS & PIGMENTATION due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties
- Application in treating SKIN, NAIL & TOE INFECTIONS
- Great for HAIR. Fights against DANDRUFF with its antifungal properties
- Diffuse for fresh & CLEAN HOME
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