A skin concern that most of us have dealt with at some point in time in our lives is the issue of pimples and acne breakouts. Pimples are not constrained to the barriers of age, skin type or ethnicity. It can happen to anyone and everyone. However, sometimes a phase of pimples can make us feel self-conscious and even when they do go away, getting rid of the blemishes is another task in itself.
If you are looking for how to get rid of pimples and acne or how to avoid them in the first place, it is important that you know all there is to them. Different kinds of pimples can occur. The first step towards treating your pimples and removing them permanently is to know which category of pimples you are prone to.
Types Of Pimples
Blackheads are a comparatively painless version of acne which usually appears as black dots on the skin. It is commonly seen on the face, specifically around the T-zone area which comprises the nose, chin and forehead. Blackheads are caused when melanin, a pigment present in the skin reacts with the excess sebum produced. This, when exposed to the oxygen in the air oxidises and becomes a black lesion. However, it is remarkably easy to control blackheads using home remedies.
Whiteheads are a milder form of acne which generally does not exhibit inflammation and is painless. On the skin, they appear as small, round, white bumps in different sizes. They are caused when the pores of the skin get clogged. These clogged pores get trapped by a layer of thin skin which can lead to the formation of pus as well.
Papules are red, sore spots that are caused when blocked pores enlarge in size and get embedded deeper into the skin. The infected pore becomes inflamed, leading to irritation and pain. Because of how deep into the skin they are, they are comparatively harder to treat.
Like papules, pustules are white/yellowish looking blisters that are filled with liquid pus. The area surrounding the pimple is usually inflamed, red and irritated.
Nodules are a severe form of acne which is characteristic of solid, large lumps. This abnormal tissue growth extends up to three layers deep into the skin and must be treated by a doctor immediately.
What Causes Pimples?
It is always better to target a skin concern at its root. Finding out the cause of your constant breakouts is the first step towards treating pimples. Most common causes of pimples are
- Blocked pores which are a result of the accumulation of dead skin cells on the sebaceous glands. These blocked pores eventually translate to pimples.
- Genetic or heredity acne wherein your sebaceous glands are extremely active, thus producing a lot of sebum which leads to the formation of pimples.
- Hormonal imbalance, especially before or after your menstrual cycle, during puberty or in some cases even during menopause.
- A bad skincare routine which involves sleeping with your makeup on, using products that are not meant for your skin-type, applying harsh chemicals on your skin are some of the common reasons for pimple formation.
- Propionibacterium is a bacterium which thrives in the skin. This bacterium spreads on the skin and when it comes in contact with sebum, causes skin inflammation, blocked pores and eventually acne.
How To Avoid The Formation Of Pimples?
Before you can treat the existing acne or pimples on your skin, it is important to ensure that new ones do not pop up every day. Thus, to avoid pimples, here are a few preventive measures that you can take
- Gently wash your skin at least twice a day with a non-abrasive face wash and cold water.
- Make sure that all your makeup brushes and sponges are washed regularly in lukewarm water. Let them air-dry completely before you put them away into storage.
- Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day. This will ensure that all the toxins leave your system.
- Do not constantly keep touching your face or picking at your pimples. This will only spread the bacteria further and increase sebum production, leading to more acne.
- Follow a healthy diet. Try to incorporate fruits and vegetables that are rich in vitamins and zinc into your diet and avoid processed foods.
Natural Home Remedies For Pimples That Work
There are multiple ways of dealing with pimples. One simple, cost-effective and natural way is to try some homemade remedies to get rid of pimples. It generally form on oily skin rather than on dry or normal skin. This is because oily skin produces more sebum which facilitates pimple formation. Thus, these remedies work for all skin types, especially oily skin.
1. Papaya And Sandalwood
Make a paste from the pulp of papaya and sandalwood powder with sufficient water. Apply it all over the face as a mask. Rinse off after 15 minutes. Since papaya is anti-inflammatory, doing so twice or thrice a week will unclog pores and cool the skin down.
For all skin types.
2. Argan Oil
Massaging a couple of drops of argan oil on your skin twice a day not only gets rid of existing pimples but also prevents future breakouts. This is possible because argan oil regulates sebum production in the skin. The antioxidants and vitamins present in it are also contributing factors.
Normal to dry skin
3. Lemon And Water
Make a concoction of lemon juice with some water. Apply it all over your face with a cotton pad before you sleep at night. Doing so will ensure that the citric acid content present in the lemon will eliminate bacteria and simultaneously reduce the redness caused by the acne.
All skin types, especially those facing inflammation and painful acne.
4. Epsom Salt
Dissolve a handful of Epsom salt in water. Dab this salt water all over the affected area using a cotton pad. Leave it on for a couple of minutes and then wash thoroughly once or twice a day. Doing so will ensure that the skin is exfoliated and all the dead skin cells are removed.
Oily and normal skin, for those suffering from adamant acne.
5. Coconut Oil
Massaging your skin twice a day with a few drops of coconut oil not only keeps the skin supple and hydrated but also helps in regeneration of skin cells.
All skin types, especially to eliminate blemishes.
6. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apply apple cider vinegar mixed with water in a 1:1 ratio, using a cotton ball on the affected area. Leave it on for a few minutes and then wash it off. By doing this once a day, the bacteria present on the skin is eliminated. It also acts as an astringent.
All skin types prevent the formation of pimples.
7. Baking Soda
Apply a mixture of baking soda and water to the affected area. Leave it on for about 5 minutes and then rinse. Doing so will balance the pH level of the skin and also reduce inflammation, drying out a pimple quickly.
All skin types.
Apply honey all over your face. Leave it on for about half an hour and then rinse. Doing so not only kills the bacteria responsible for pimple formation but also keeps the skin healthy and hydrated from within.
All skin types.
9. Tea Tree Oil
Applying diluted tea tree oil as a spot treatment goes a long way in eliminating stubborn acne. Tea tree oil is said to have a lot of antioxidants in it which acts as a microbial agent. Use a few drops by diluting it with a carrier oil or water and apply on the pimples a couple of times during the day until the acne dries out.
All skin types, especially those with cystic acne and blemishes.
Make a face mask from cinnamon and honey. Apply an even layer all over the skin and leave it on overnight. By doing so, all the bacteria responsible for acne formation is killed. Also, cinnamon is a great ingredient to heal any existing painful pimples.
All skin types
Mash a few cloves of garlic and mix it with some water. Apply this paste on the affected areas. Let it rest for 15 minutes or so and then rinse. The antibacterial properties of garlic will ensure that further breakouts are prevented. It also ensures that pus formation in the acne is eliminated.
All skin types.
12. Egg Whites
Whip up egg whites and apply a generous layer of this all over the skin. Egg whites are known to control the sebum production in the skin while also unclogging the pores. Let this mask dry for about 30 minutes before you rinse it off for beautiful skin.
Normal to oily skin types.
Make a paste from turmeric and water. Apply this paste over the affected area and rinse it off when the paste dries completely. Turmeric has been used since time immemorial to treat infections because of its antiseptic properties. It also promotes regeneration of cells.
All skin types, especially those suffering from cystic acne
14. Aloe Vera Gel
Apply the gel extracted from the Aloe Vera leaf directly onto the affected area. This not only soothes the area and reduces inflammation but also eliminates redness. Leave the gel on for about 15 minutes and then rinse.
All skin types.
15. Multani Mitti
Make a face mask from Multani Mitti and rose water. Apply this evenly all over the face and rinse it off after 20 minutes. By doing this once a week, all the impurities and gunk from the skin is absorbed, and sebum production is controlled. Check here to know more about the remedies of Multani mitti for pimples.
All skin types.
16. Green Tea
Drinking at least two cups of green tea on a daily basis can do wonders for your skin. The antioxidants present in green tea flush out all the toxins from the body. If you are suffering from hormonal imbalance induced acne, green tea is the way to go.
All skin types.
Apply a paste of neem and rose water on the affected area. Leave it on for 20 minutes and then rinse it off. Neem has blood-purifying properties which will help clean your skin from within. It also soothes the skin and prevents further breakouts.
All skin types.
Practicing these natural home remedies on a weekly or bi-weekly basis can prevent and heal your acne and pimples in no time, ensuring that you have healthy and beautiful skin.
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