Acne has been a skincare issue for people of all ages. There could now be a vaccine to win the age-old war against acne, thanks to dermatologists. While there are dozens of acne solutions available in the market, many of them are a hit and miss. In such a scenario, a vaccine for acne seems to be a promising solution for those who have tried everything in vain.
Before jumping to the acne vaccine, let's discuss acne and the 6 types in detail.
It is a skin condition caused by oil buildup and dead skin cells in hair follicles. It causes skin inflammation and is characterized by the appearance of comedones, papules, and pustules on the affected area.
6 Types Of Acne
Acne is broadly classified into two types:
Non- Inflammatory Acne
1. Blackheads or Open Comedones: Blackheads are also known as open comedones because the head of the pore is open while the rest of the pore remains clogged inside.
2. Whiteheads or Closed Comedones: Whiteheads, also referred to as closed comedones, occur when pores are closed throughout, creating a small white bump on the surface of the skin. It is important to know that whiteheads cannot be removed by pressing them.
3. Papules: These are small red bumps formed on the skin when the pores get clogged due to the accumulation of excess dead skin cells or oil. All this gunk mixes with the bacteria known as Cutibacterium acnes. The papules can cause inflammation.
4. Pustules: Pustules are tiny bumps on the skin that bulge having a white center with an inflamed, red skin surrounding it. They typically appear in groups on the face, neck, chest, or back. The pimples appear when the clogged pore becomes infected. However, they may also result from hormonal changes within the body. They are like pimples but contain yellowish pus liquid.
5. Cysts: Cystic acne is the most serious form of acne. Infections deep within the skin cause this type of acne. Cystic acne is large, red, inflamed, and filled with pus which gets ruptured easily, infecting the surrounding skin.
6. Nodules: Nodular acne is often characterized by the appearance of red bumps that are infected deep within the skin. Cutibacterium acnes bacteria is responsible for infecting the skin from deep within, causing nodular acne.
Acne Vaccine 2022
The traditional method of treating acne is the intake of oral retinoids, birth control pills, or antibiotics which can cause adverse effects in many people. Hence researchers have constantly been looking for alternative remedies for fighting acne and eradicating it. As per the latest report, a vaccine for acne will be available soon, and researchers believe that the acne vaccine can be a promising remedy for those who have tried everything but in vain. A vaccine for acne can help prevent the potential side effects of systemic retinoids, birth control pills, and antibiotics typically used for treating acne. A vaccine for acne can be a boon for those who are constantly suffering from aggressive breakouts, and want a permanent solution to it.
Acne vulgaris, commonly known as acne, is a common skin condition that affects most of us, irrespective of age and gender. According to the latest study, the vaccine for acne would work by blocking a toxin responsible for causing acne, called Christie Atkins Munch Peterson (CAMP).
As per the study, the bacterium Propionibacterium acnes, also known as Cutibacterium acnes, produces a toxin- CAMP factor. According to their findings, this CAMP factor is largely responsible for acne-associated inflammation.
Can There Be A Vaccine For Acne?
A vaccine for acne can be a breakthrough as it intends to lower the body's response to the toxins produced by the bacteria that live in our skin. As per the experts, the vaccine for acne has been tested only in mice and human tissue samples; however, the acne vaccine could be a game-changer for people suffering from acne vulgaris: a skin condition affecting millions of people worldwide. Researchers think that the new acne vaccine in 2022 would be the first to target the bacteria present in the human skin. The antibodies in the vaccine target the toxins secreted by the bacteria in acne vulgaris and work towards reducing the skin inflammation due to acne lesions.
The efficacy of the set of monoclonal antibodies has been tested against the CAMP factor. They showed promising results, and the antibodies have shown to be effective in reducing the inflammation-causing properties of toxins.
Researchers are of the opinion that once a large-scale clinical trial has validated the acne vaccine, it will prove to be a boon for the hundreds of millions of individuals suffering from cystic acne and acne vulgaris.
Now that you are well aware of how acne vaccines are safer and more efficient than current treatments.
However, experts warn that the acne vaccine that targets the CAMP factor must be carefully administered to prevent disrupting the microbiome, which is responsible for maintaining the skin's homeostasis.
Also, the vaccines would have to ensure that bacterial equilibrium in the skin is not disrupted because certain bacterial strains can help maintain the skin's overall health.
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