Most people don't know what the skin's microbiome is. It is a group of microorganisms that are routinely found in your skin. The microbiome is relatively stable when a person is young, but it keeps changing with age along with changes in weather, hormonal changes, etc. This blog will explain all you need to know about the skin's microbiome and how to protect it.
Lately, the microbiome skincare trend is gaining momentum in the beauty world. Probiotic skincare is gradually making its way into the mainstream; you should be aware of your skin's microbiome and how to maintain healthy skin by optimizing your skin's microbiome.
When we talk about probiotics for skin health, we also need to know about prebiotics and postbiotics. To understand your skin's flora, you should know these terms. What's the difference? Let's understand.
- Prebiotics: Prebiotics contain a non-digestible component that boosts the growth of bacteria. It acts as a fertilizer that promotes the growth of good bacteria.
- Probiotics: Probiotics are rich in microorganisms capable of altering the microflora of the person. Lactobacillus is a natural probiotic for maintaining skin health, as this bacteria helps improve the skin's barrier function.
- Postbiotics: Postbiotics is the chemical byproduct of probiotic microorganisms.
The main difference between probiotic skincare products and microbiome-friendly ones is that probiotic skincare products use actual probiotic elements. On the other hand, microbiome-friendly products tend to be mild and prevent disruption of microbiota. Let's examine their role in maintaining skin health.
What Is Microbiome In Skincare?
The skin microbiome comprises billions and trillions of bacteria, fungi, and viruses that make the skin's microbiota. As per a renowned dermatologist, a healthy skin's microbiome resembles a rainforest with diverse microorganisms. Having many strains of microorganisms co-exist in different layers of your skin results in healthy skin.
Your skin is not squeaky clean, as it is loaded with organisms like bacteria, fungi, and yeast required for the proper functioning of the skin. Alterations in the skin barrier function are associated with disruptions of the microbiome. The disruption in the microbiome adversely affects the skin leading to dryness, itchiness, premature ageing, and acne.
In short, diverse strains of microorganisms are essential for maintaining healthy skin. Like your gut, your skin also has its microflora, which consists of numerous bacteria, fungi, yeast, and viruses that work towards improving your skin health. According to experts, the skin's microbiome is disturbed due to certain practices such as frequent cleaning, over-exfoliation, topical antibacterial creams, and antibiotics. When the skin's microbiome is disturbed, it results in various types of skin conditions such as dermatitis, psoriasis, and dry, itchy skin.
What Does The Skin Microbiome Do?
The microbiome is imperative for maintaining healthy skin. Let's discuss in detail what your skin microbiome does for your skin.
1. Protects Your Skin Against Infection
The skin's microbiome acts like an antibiotic that prevents the growth of germs and pathogens, keeping skin healthy and problem-free.
2. Improves Your Immune System
Your skin's microbiome plays a crucial role in improving your immune system, protecting your skin from harmful bacteria.
3. Repairs Skin Cells And Reduces Inflammation
Activation or deactivation of your immune system can be influenced by signals from the microbiome in your skin. Thus accelerating your skin's healing process.
Why Is It Important For The Skin Microbiome To Stay Balanced?
Research into the skin’s microbiome has opened up a new understanding of the biology of the skin and has given us a new perspective on how we take care of our skin.
Maintaining the quality and diversity of the skin barrier depends on a healthy microbiome—the microbiome functions as a barrier protecting your skin from pathogens, apart from keeping it hydrated. The healthy barrier protects against irritants and potential pathogens.
Contrary to this, even if one strain overgrows, it can lead to an imbalance known as dysbiosis. Experts refer to this imbalance in the skin's microbiome as 'leaky skin'. A person's genetic predisposition to developing leaky skin can manifest itself in several ways, including acne, eczema, rosacea, psoriasis, etc.
Microbiome Skincare Trend
The core ingredient in prebiotic and probiotic skincare is derived from fermented lactobacillus, a useful bacteria commonly used in probiotics. As the microbiome skincare trend is gaining momentum, more people have begun to discard harsh chemicals in the skincare products and started embracing microbiome skincare products that help maintain healthy and problem-free skin. Experts say the microbiome skincare trend is just the beginning of a new skincare trend.
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